The Civil War

The Civil War

The Civil War is one of the world’s most famous wars ever fought, but also one of the deadliest. The casualties for the Civil War were 1,000,000 people, 620,000 of them were soldiers. But, what I think started the war was the issue of slavery. The southern states at the time enjoyed the free labor slavery provided, and the effortless money they made. When more issues of slavery were being addressed soon enough some of the states succeeded. But the Northern states, who weren’t as pro-slave, worried because they wouldn’t be able to share in the profit the Southern states made if they succeeded. So the country would either be all slave or all non-slave, and soon war broke out with a singe conflict.

The two sides were the Union, non-slave, and the Confederates, pro-slave. The first battle was at Fort Sumter, a Union base in Confederate territory. When the Confederacy saw Union troops moved into the Fort, they asked president Buchanan to move them out, he did not. So, the Confederates eventually attacked the Fort and forced the Union army to evacuate. No one was killed during the battle but this sparked war on both sides. The battle of Manassas was the battle that preceded Sumter and was a clear Confederate victory. The Union retaliated with two wins at Fort Henry and Donelson, both fought by U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant. The battles went back and forth until the Confederates seemed to have the advantage with General Robert E. Lee’s campaign to the North, until they were turned back at the Battle of Gettysburg. His campaign resulted in 46-51,000 casualties. Lee was able to defeat Grant at the Battle of Cold Harbor but after that, the Confederates were on the run. General Sherman was able to capture Atlanta and the state capital and Grant was able to pull off a win in the Battle for Shenandoah Valley. Soon enough, at the Battle of Appomattox Court House, Lee was forced to surrender and he and Grant arranged the surrender of the entire Confederate army. Lee agreed to the surrender’s terms and at around 4 in the afternoon, the two armies separated and the country began its journey towards reconciliation.

As I said before the Civil war casualties were a whopping 1,000,000. To put that in perspective, that was 3% of the US population at the time. Though many of the lives taken were by gunshot, about 2/3 of the deaths were actually caused by disease. In the end, the Civil War was a 5 year long battle between the people of America, meaning every death was an American one.


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