Now that I have explained how the war started in a previous blog post, today will oversee the battles and outcome of the war. If you’re curious how the war began then go see the previous essay. This will be a bit longer of an essay but worth it I promise.
Now, the Battle of Liege was where the first fighting took place. In hopes of getting close to France, Germany invaded Belgium in this battle. By August 16th the Germans took over. For the next few battles you will see that the Germans were a strong opposing force. In the Battle of Tannenberg the German army was able to take on the big slow Russian armies and win in 1914. They also stopped the armies reinforcements so there was no back up. Germany’s next target was France, so they started with Paris. But the French army gained British reinforcements beforehand and was able to stop the Germans 75miles outside the city.
The Allied forces hoped to fight back with the Gallipoli Campaign and thew Battle of Jutland. The Campaign began in hopes of pushing the Ottomans out of the war, but this failed in 1916 with Australian and New Zealand reinforcements coming to the Ottoman’s aid. But, the British did win the Naval quarrel of Jutland against the Germans in 1916 as well, and depleted the German navy almost entirely. The Battle of Verdun, which began 9 months earlier, was the German forces attempting to take over France once again, but the French would not give in. The city of Paris repelled 4 large German offensives with 700,000 casualties amidst the chaos. The German colonies in South Africa and Southeast Asia were taken by the British in 1915, and in 1918 the British recruited some of the local Arabs in the Middle East to rebel against the Ottomans, which led to the end of the Ottoman Empire.
Russia soon pushed to make peace with Germany in order to solve their own internal struggles unharmed. Later in 1917, the Battle of Caporetto, the German-Austrian forces obliterated the Italian army for backing out of the war right after it began. Finally to end the war the allies ,with the help of America, made one last push effort to defeat the Germans once and for all, and they crushed the Germans and forced a retreat. Soon an Armistice was signed on November 11th, 1918, and The Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919 to end the war entirely. But the conditions of the war were all on Germany and this planted a seed of resentment in the German Armies. But in the end, World War I was supposed to be “a war to end all wars,” but this only laid the ground work for a war twice as large.