Category: Science

Be Prepared

   coldsnowymnt

  If a Search and Rescue team has to perform an extensive search in the cold snowy mountains, they need to stay warm.  So to make sure that they keep warm, the Search and Rescue teams have two ways to do this correctly.  Layering is the first.  This is probably something that almost all moms are doing.  When it’s winder they give their children a second layer.  But Search and Rescue teams put on five layers!  This is usually only done when they are in very cold climates.  The materials the layers are made of are also very important.  If cotton gets wet, all of the insulation is lost.  But if wool does, then it does the opposite.  They also have to be careful not to overheat if it’s not that cold.  Heat transfer is their second aid.  They keep the inside warm and keep air flow constant through the layers to regulate body heat. The way the SAR teams prepare is genius and proves that they’re ready for anything!

The Incident Command System

     When there is a collapsed building in an important area, there are a number of teams which are trained for large incidents such as this.  But, what about problems that aren’t as severe? That is what the ICS (Incident Command System) is for.  This system is built to be more flexible when it comes to important but less dire situations.  It is of much importance to our community, because if all of the larger Search and Rescue teams are on an important mission, and something happens, the ICS can help handle it.  This system, in order to handle all risks, is based on 5 management concepts.  It needs unity command, in order establish who’s in charge of who. Common terminology, so that imported teams who might use different terms can understand each other.  Flexible and modular organization, so that the teams operation can grow or diminish, without harming their main objective. Management by objective and span of control are the two that complete the five and go into much bigger detail.  But, in the end, these teams are of great importance to us, SAR teams and the community.

Three Search and Rescue Operations

     Search and rescue teams can be found in different varieties and each team is trained for a different field of expertise.  One of these teams is trained for avalanche rescue. This is a very important field to be educated in because other teams, such as land or air, can’t do this as well.  So these teams brave the cold and hike through the snow to get people to safety.

     Some military operations are made for search and rescue as well.  The Air Force will attempt rescue missions at high altitudes for the safety of others.  This may possibly be the most important field in search and rescue; mainly because if a plane is going down, SAR (Search and Rescue) teams on land can get to it when it crashes. However, the Air Force will give free falling passengers a chance to land sooner.

     Outdoor SAR teams are very important.  If a camper gets lost in the forest, and could be injured, he needs to be found as soon as possible.  From helicopters to tracking dogs, these men will go to great lengths to keep you safe in the wild.

     We should always honor those men and women who risk their lives for ours.

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