Cell Signals

Someone sneaks up behind you and shouts, “Boo!” For a few seconds your heart beats faster. You did not run or do any physical activity that would increase your heart rate. What caused your heart to beat so fast? A question with a fascinating answer! This all has to do with what is known as cell signaling. See, when cells need to communicate with each other, normally, they’ll be in close proximity and will use what’s called “local signaling.” But if there are cells in different parts of your body that need to communicate, they use a process called “long distance signaling.” Endocrine cells release a signaling chemical, or a hormone, that travels through the blood stream to where ever the signal was needed. This was originally discovered when Dr. Earl Wilbur Sutherland preformed studies on how adrenaline was transported through the body; this brings us back to our question. When someone scares you unexpectedly your body senses this as a dangerous situation, and using what we discussed earlier, sends adrenaline to the most important parts of the body; being your heart your legs ect. This would explain why your heart beats faster when your scared, or why your legs shake when you’re nervous, because this hormone provides your body with extra energy that can be use to either fight or flee the situation. Cell signaling is quite a fascinating area of science, but don’t take my word for it, do a little research of your own!


Righteous V.S. Evil

I’ve been reading the Psalms lately and it’s always interesting to read about how things were done in the days of King David. As you may know, things were enforced much harder back then, and that means you had to be really careful if you’re gonna go against the culture. But if there is no immediate consequence, how will people act then? So my question for today is, “How important is the concept of historical sanctions in the Psalms?”

What I wanted to touch on first, is that the Psalms weren’t just written, they were preformed by people. They were songs, prayers they would sing to themselves every night. While the “music sheets” are long gone, I enjoy trying to imagine what they sounded like. Despite that, they were still written about the events that took place in that day. At the beginning of chapter 10, it seems to indicate that even after the flood there is still evil in the world, and that they’re doing many awful things. King David, the author of many of the Psalms, talks about these evil people in great detail. “His mouth is full of lies and threats, trouble and evil are under his tongue.” It seemed as though people were beginning to forget all of the things they had learned since the last time moral ethics were forgotten. King David asks the Lord to “See the trouble of the afflicted, and consider their grief and take it in hand,” but there is obviously no immediate solution to the problem provided; but that didn’t upset him.

Despite God not delivering his people from anguish right away, David continuously reminds us to take refuge in The Lord and put our trust in him. He tells us in chapter 12 of the Psalms that, “The Lord will keep the needy safe and will protect us forever from the wicked.” But, what does God say about those who do not put their trust in him? Well, David says that the Lord examines both those who love him and those who do not, and that statement in and of itself is quite comforting. Those who are wicked and do not honor the sanctions of the Church, God hates with a passion, and will be punished for all their misdeeds. He describes it as, “A rain of fiery coals and burning sulfur, a scorching wind will be their lot.” God loves justice, and so those who follow him will be protected and seen as righteous, but for those who don’t, an eternal punishment will their “Just deserts.”

This information is readily available for anyone to read, and anyone  can make the decision to follow God and be rescued from this eternal punishment, but many people do not believe that these words are the words of God. These Psalms are excellent at capturing the issue of  historical sanctions, and what the consequences are for not honoring them. In the end, the righteous will be forgiven; and the evil shall be punished accordingly.

The Ethics of Man

After a week of my English class I have now gone over the ever famous story of Noah’s Ark; and the events that followed. What was interesting was that some parts of this story were new to me, mainly the events that took place after the flood. Just as the first, second, and third chapters of Genesis showed us, there is an underlying theme of Hierarchy within this book of the Bible. So the topic of today’s essay is, “What was the of importance of ethics and sanctions in the story of Noah and the Flood?”

Before the flood there was a time where man had completely forgotten the concept of “Good Morals.” Sinful acts were constantly being preformed all over the earth, to the point where God asked himself why he created man in the first place! It was that moment when God decided he needed to start over with a clean slate; but how would he do it? Well, despite all the terrible things happening everywhere, there was one family who still honored God’s intended way of living. That family was Noah’s. When God saw Noah’s obedience, he knew he was the man for the job. It said in the Bible that, “God would put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them.” So he instructed Noah to build an ark of Cyprus wood, and to bring two of all living creatures with him to keep alive with him. Revisiting the concept of hierarchy, it is quite apparent that and animal’s life was valued more than that of a man’s. Because of man’s awful behavior and complete and utter disregard for moral ethics, the creatures of the earth were seen as more innocent and worthy of God’s grace during those times. Also Noah, an average citizen, had his family chosen to survive this terrible fate and harbor all of the animals; because he followed a righteous lifestyle.

After the events of the flood Noah and his family continued their lives on the new earth. Now Noah brought his 3 sons on the ark with him: Shem, Ham(the father of Canaan), and Japheth. One day Noah decided to plant a vineyard where he lived, and drank some of the wine it produced months later. When he did so he became drunk and fell asleep in his tent, naked! While he was asleep his younger son Ham walked in, and after seeing his fathers nudity, went to tell his brothers all about it. His brothers then proceeded to take a garment and cover up their father. When Noah awoke from his rest, and heard of his sons’ deeds, he cursed Canaan and made him the servant of Shem and Japeth. All of these events have to do with hierarchy. When Ham sinned against his father by disrespecting his privacy, he lowered himself among his brothers and brought a curse upon his son. But because of the good deeds his brothers did, they received a “reward” so to speak.

Both of these stories are great examples of how our actions affect our position in the hierarchy of life. Most of these concepts are common sense, if you’ve committed at some point in your crime and someone needed help, would they ask you, or would they ask someone who hasn’t committed a crime before. In conclusion, living a life full of good morals and Christian ethics rather than living a life of sinful nature, is sure the pay off in the long run!

The Right Audience

Today’s essay will be explaining who my target audience should be for my autobiography. Whenever someone writes an autobiography they would hope that it could speak to all different kinds of people, but other writers could decide to target a certain audience to help inspire and influence them more than it would for others. If I were to write an autobiography, I would target our country’s youth. Mainly because it would be about my success, and if I “manage” to be successful, I can show the young people of today that they have the potential to be just as successful.

The Human Race

I can safely assume that anyone reading this has had a thought about the future, and has thought about what it would be like. But have you ever wondered what people living in the 19th century thought about the future? Did they think we were going to be where we are today, or did they desire a less complicated future? My previous essays have been about the life of Booker T. Washington, and about the struggles of black people back then. So the question I will be answering today is,”Was Washington’s view of the future also my view of the future?”

In order to understand this question fully, we have to see what Washington’s view was. Ever since Washington was just a boy he always hoped that one day whites and blacks could live together, this is what drove him to start programs for black’s social acceptance. Often he would remind both the children and adults in the town where he lived that physical labor wasn’t wrong and that hard work pays off, but for people who had been slaves for most of their life, that might have seemed a bit counter intuitive. What I believe Washington wanted to see the most was black people and white people walking on the same streets together and living life with each other with no animosity between them.

The main problem with this question, is that we’re living in a completely different time than Washington. During the time when Washington was alive he wanted to help all blacks gain social acceptance, but during this time far in the future, that’s not that big of an issue anymore. Sadly, that doesn’t mean every black man and woman across the world is accepted, there are still some people who can’t and won’t move on from the old ways. What I mean is that in larger and more populated cities and countries, the chances of blacks being treated differently that whites is close to zero.

After Washington passed away, racial issues in America didn’t exactly get any better. There was an ever popular word that is often associated with racial inequality: segregation. This is the part Washington wasn’t around to see. Everything was segregated (or separated in a way) from schools to restaurants, even bathrooms! The view of the future these people had was a future where there was no segregation and blacks and whites could go to the bathroom in the same building.

My view of the future is based off of past events in history. Since we know now that racial equality is a bit better than what it was, and how segregation isn’t and issue anymore, I can create a plausible view of the future. In the future, I hope for things to stay the way they are, and for us to help the regions of the world where people don’t want things to change. I hope in the future that everyone realizes that there is really only one race, the human race.

The Elitist Program?

In 100 words, I am to explain whether Booker T. Washington’s program for gaining social acceptance for blacks an elitist program. The definition of elitist means a person or class of persons considered superior by others, or by themselves. In this case themselves. Obviously the answer is a straight up no, and here’s why. After the slaves were freed the black people didn’t have the kind of racial equality we have today, so Washington’s goal was to achieve Equality between the two races, instead of making themselves the dominant race. This is why Booker T. Washington was such an inspiring man.

Mixed Culture

The autobiography of Booker T. Washington has been a very interesting book to read, and I have been thoroughly enjoying it. For those who don’t know, Booker was a man who was born a slave, but later found freedom and would spend the rest his life helping his fellow man. But this would not be an easy task for him, due to the fact that he was black; and as we all know people weren’t as accepting back then. Thankfully, Booker looked to God in his times of trouble and always found a way; no matter what life threw at him. So the question for me to answer today is,”What are some memorable images from the narrative? Why are they memorable?”

Books that cover the topic of freedom after slavery always depict the environments black people used to live in after their “release.” Since Booker was assigned to take charge of a school project in Tuskegee, Alabama in 1881, he was able to see first hand the living conditions of these freed slaves. But after being able to finally live their lives as a normal people, you would think the black people would be able to find a decent home right? Well, some of the families Booker encountered had every member sleeping in one room, fed everyone with only one fork, and didn’t have much land surrounding their small house.

The small town of Tuskegee wasn’t made up of just black people, there were a few white families there as well, although they were outnumbered 3/1 approximately. Though some of those families didn’t mind Booker helping to build an education system, others were less fond of colored education because they feared the lack of domestic servants! (some people still wanted “slaves” per say) On one occasion a white man donated a blind horse to Booker and his team during the beginning of their project, later he would look back on that horse and see that a white man helped pave the way for the collection of hundreds more animals in the future. It proved that the white man could still be involved and help black people. Later on in the year, an ex-slave owner arrived in Tuskegee who later become one of Booker’s main supporters!

The issue of slavery has always been a touchy subject and still is in certain parts of the world, but most of us have learned to move on. If any of you are wondering how Booker’s school came out, before he decided to build one himself he would often teach people in the local churches log cabins, but even those buildings were dilapidated. Even though many of the black people there were uneducated, they had a good work ethic and were ready to help in any way they could. So just remember, if you bring up the topic of slavery it’s not racist, it can serve as the reminder of this mixed culture and how people came together after years of getting to know the other person.